Heat Stroke in Dogs
Heat stroke occurs when
your dog is no longer able to maintain his normal body temperature of
degrees. Generally, heat stroke occurs when a dog is kept
where there is little shade, little ventilation, and no water. For
example, a hot car or kennel. Heat stroke can also be caused
by exercising, being over excited, and under severe stress.
Heat stroke is defined by
having a body temperature over 105 degrees. At higher temperatures,
above 106, the internal organs will start to breakdown, and if the dog
is not cooled off quickly he may die. You have only minutes to save his
of heat stroke
Pale gums, bright red
Can cause collapse,
coma or death
How to treat heat stroke
Remove the dog from
the heat source and place in a cool, shady, ventilated spot: Preferably
in an air conditioned area or place a fan in front of him.
Allow access to small
amounts of cool water or a few pieces of ice cubes.
Cool the dog of with
cool (NOT cold) water. Either use cool, wet towels and lay them on the
dog, or using a hose or bath tub to immerse with cool water. Do not
the towels on the dog.
temperature with a rectal thermometer once temperature returns to
normal stop the cooling process. Keep track of his body temperature.
If body temperature
remains elevated or goes above 106, get the dog to the vet
Even if it seems like
the dog recovered, it is a wise idea to make an appointment with the
vet for an examination.
Tips to avoid heat stroke
Exercise your dog early in the morning or later in the
evenings on hot, humid days.
Limit outdoor activity on hot, sunny days.
Allow the dog to be an air conditioned area during hot
weather. If this is not possible, make sure there is plenty of shade
and ventilation available.
Always have fresh, cold water available.
Place a baby pool filled with cold water in shaded area
for the dog to lie in to help cool him off.
This site and its contents are intended to
serve as basic informational purposes
--not a substitute for--
professional veterinary care!