First Aid for your Dog
people and their dogs go through their lives from day to day and
don't give much thought on what to do when an emergency
arises. We tend to take their health for granted. We
panic when a situation does come up. We hope to be able to
provide you with some basic advice and first aid tips for you to
help stabilize your dog until he can get the proper medical
attention that he needs. If an emergency situation does
arise, PLEASE get your dog to the veterinarian as soon as
possible. Sometimes it is a matter of life and death!
It is also
recommended that you have a pet first aid kit on hand, both in
your house and in your car. You can either buy a ready made
kit or make your own, check here to
see what you should put in your first aid kit.
Also, it is highly advisable to know what signs to look for to tell if your
dog is sick. You can see a brief list of things to look for here.
Physical Trauma, Getting Hit By A Car, Etc.
Carefully muzzle your dog. If you do not have a muzzle
available, you may use a bandage or sock or something similar to wrap around his mouth.
Knot it around his lower jaw, once, and then behind his neck.
Carefully place your dog onto a blanket, a towel, or something
else that can be used as a stretcher. And move him to a safe
location. Gently lie the stretcher on a flat, steady surface.
Do not handle any fractured limbs or the head/neck.
Take your dog to the veterinarian right away. Even
though he may look alright, you have no idea what type of internal injuries he may have sustained.
Carefully muzzle your dog.
Apply a clean piece of gauze over the wound with firm pressure.
If the wound slows down, keep the wound clean and dry. Do
not keep it covered.
If the wound continues to bleed for a few minutes and is not
slowing down, keep firm pressure on it and get him to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Keep your dog in a horizontal position.
Carefully check to see if there is any visible obstructions, by pulling
his tongue forward, extending his neck, and fully opening his mouth.
If you can see something, try to remove it with your finger. If you can not see
something perform 5-10 abdominal trusts. If this does not help, CALL the vet immediately.
To help him breath, extend his neck, hold his tongue
out of his mouth, and close his jaws over his tongue. Blow
air through his nose, giving 12-20 breaths. If there is no response, you
should start cardiac compressions.
For cardiac compressions, dogs under 15
pounds keep him lying on his back, for bigger dogs keep him on his
side. Gently compress chest wall with one or two
hands placed on the widest part of his sternum.
Depress rib cage 1.5 to 3 inches. Follow the
guideline below for how many times per minute for the
proper weight of your dog.
180-140 times per minute
80-100 times per minute
60 pounds and over
60 times per minute
30 times per
16-20 times per
60 pounds and
12 times per
BOTH CPR AND CARDIAC COMPRESSIONS ARE
SKILLS THAT NEED TO BE LEARNED HOW TO DO THEM PROPERLY. CONSULT YOUR VET FOR
CLASSES IN YOUR AREA ON THE PROPER TECHNIQUES. IF DONE INCORRECTLY YOU MAY DO
MORE HARM THAN GOOD!!!
If your dog vomits once or twice
throughout one day, hold off on feeding him for the rest of the day.
Offer him only small amounts of
water at a time.
Give him small portions of food the
If the vomiting is more frequent,
brings up blood, or is more severe, get him to the vet as soon as
Exposure to Extreme Heat or Cold
Extreme Heat Exposure:
If prolonged exposure to heat, heat
stroke starts to develop. The major signs of heat stroke are:
- Increased Pulse
- Bright Red gums
(105-110 degrees F)
Take your dog out of the heat and
get him to a cool, shady area.
Offer him cold water to drink.
Give him a cold bath.
Take a rectal temperature every 10
Continue with the bath until his
temperature comes down to 103 degrees.
If his condition does not improve,
get him to the vet as soon as possible.
Extreme Cold Exposure:
Frostbite and/or hypothermia can set
in when exposed to cold temperatures.
Get him out of the cold weather and
place in a warm, dry place.
Wrap your dog in a blanket to raise
his body temperature. Call your vet immediately.
Remove dog from the water.
Have someone contact the veterinarian
Begin cpr immediately, keeping dog's
nose and mouth lower than the chest
If his lungs are filled with water,
follow the below procedures:
Lift dog, place head in the lowest
position and keep rear feet high.
Squeeze dog's chest firmly until
fluid stops draining.
With eye injuries, it is best to contact
your veterinarian and follow his advice.
This site and its contents are intended to
serve as basic informational purposes
--not a substitute for--
professional veterinary care!